When voting for the next Prime Minister in the election here are some of the issues you may want to consider. As it will determine how the future of Canada will be architected and is an important decision to make.

So when deciding on who to vote on, we want to ensure you’re well educated on some of the current issues at hand and what the different political parties will do to improve those specific situations. Here are 5 issues to consider before voting.

Taxes

Liberal Party Platform

  • Raise the basic personal amount to $15,000 by 2023, for taxpayers whose annual salary is less than $147,000 (source)
  • Cut in half the corporate tax paid by companies that develop and manufacture zero-emissions technologies (source)
  • Put a 10 per cent tax on luxury cars, boats, and personal aircraft over $100 (source)

Conservative Party Platform

  • Cut the tax rate on income under $47,630 from 15 per cent to 13.75 per cent (sourcePBO analysis)
  • Effectively remove federal portion of income tax from EI maternity and EI parental benefits by providing a non-refundable tax credit of 15 per cent for any income earned under these two programs (source)
  • Remove the Goods and Services Tax (GST) from home heating and energy bills (source)
  • Establish a single tax return for Quebec, administered by the province (source)
  • Bring back the Harper-era public transit tax credit of up to 15 per cent on monthly and weekly transit passes or electronic fare cards (sourcePBO analysis)
  • Relaunch a children’s fitness tax credit so parents can claim up to $1,000 for expenses related to fitness and sports activities (sourcePBO analysis)
  • Relaunch a children’s arts tax credit to claim up to $500 for expenses related to arts and educational activities (sourcePBO analysis)
  • Increase the government’s contribution to an RESP from 20 per cent to 30 per cent for every dollar invested up to $2,500 a year (low-income parents would receive 50 per cent on the first $500 they invest every year) (sourcePBO analysis)
  • Reduce personal income tax payable by exempting the spouses or common-law partners of individuals who own a Canadian-controlled private corporation from the tax on split income (sourcePBO analysis)
  • Restore full access to the small business tax rate for corporations earning more than $50,000 in passive investment income in a given year (sourcePBO analysis)
  • Create a 20 per cent refundable tax credit for green improvements to homes of over $1,000 and up to $20,000 (sourcePBO analysis)
  • Reduce the number of hours needed to qualify for the Volunteer Firefighter Tax Credit and the Search and Rescue Volunteer Tax Credit – from 200 to 150 in a calendar year (source)
  • Boost the adoption expense tax credit to $20,000 and make it fully refundable (source)

[Related: Why Voting Matters]

NDP Party Platform

  • Increase the capital gains tax inclusion rate from the current 50 to 75 per cent (source)
  • Roll back the Conservatives’ corporate income tax cuts by three percentage points to 2010 levels (18 per cent) (source)
  • Create a “super-wealth tax” of one per cent on wealth exceeding $20 million, including “luxury items” like real estate and investments portfolios. (sourcePBO analysis)
  • Increase the top marginal tax rate by two points to 35 percent (source)
  • Close stock option loopholes and crack down on shell companies operating in tax havens (source)
  • Require web giants, such as Netflix, to charge QST and GST, and hold them to the same standards as Canadian cable companies (source)
  • Put in place a 15 percent foreign buyers tax on purchases of residential property by foreign corporations or people who are not citizens or permanent residents (sourcePBO analysis)
  • Put in place income tax averaging for artists and cultural workers (source)
  • Double the Home Buyer’s Tax Credit to $1,500 (source)
  • Waive the federal sales tax on zero-emissions vehicles purchases and provide a $5,000 federal purchase incentive (source)
  • Make the Canada Caregiver Tax Credit refundable (source)
  • Expand the Volunteer Firefighters Tax Credit (source)
  • Put in place a new tax credit for graduates to work in designated rural and Northern communities (source)

Green Party Platform

  • Establish an arm’s length Federal Tax Commission to analyze the tax system for fairness and accessibility (source)
  • Increase the federal corporate tax rate from 15 to 21 per cent (sourcePBO analysis)
  • Close several tax loopholes, including stock options as part of an executive’s remuneration package to pay a lower rate and a capital gains loophole (sourcePBO analysisPBO analysis)
  • Tax funds from offshore havens and require companies prove their foreign affiliates are functioning businesses for tax purposes (sourcePBO analysis)
  • Apply a corporate tax on transnational e-commerce companies doing business in Canada (e.g. Netflix, Facebook, Amazon, Google, Uber) by requiring the foreign vendor register, collect and remit taxes where the product or service is consumed (sourcePBO analysisPBO analysis)
  • Impose a financial transactions tax of 0.2 per cent in the finance sector (sourcePBO analysis)
  • Charge a five per cent surtax on commercial bank profits (sourcePBO analysis)
  • Exempt new and used electric and zero-emission vehicles from federal sales tax (source)
  • Implement a tax on large corporations that is equivalent to the income tax paid by employees who have been laid off due to artificial intelligence—with small business being exempt—and use that revenue to fund educational and transition programs for those laid-off (source)
  • Increase the tax credit for volunteer firefighters and search and rescue volunteers (source)
  • Introduce an international tax for aviation and shipping fuels earmarked for the Global Climate Fund (source)
  • Prohibit Canadian business from deducting advertising costs on foreign owned websites, like Facebook or Google (source)
  • Remove the sales tax on medicinal cannabis products (sourcePBO analysis)
  • Tax sugary drinks (sourcePBO analysis)

[Related: Voting Stations Locations in Mississauga]

Economy & Affordability

Liberal Party Platform

  • Reduce cell phone bills by 25 per cent annually, in part by expanding entry of network operators; if prices haven’t come down after two years, government would lower investment thresholds for new players and empower the CRTC to help get rates down (source)
  • Increase the Northern Resident Deduction, offering those living in the Northern Zone at least $1,200 in deductible travel costs (or $600 in deductible travel costs for people in the Intermediate Zone) (source)
  • Put in place a federal minimum wage of $15 an hour (source)
  • Implement a guaranteed paid family leave for parents who, for example, don’t qualify for paid leave through Employment Insurance
  • Add provisions to the federal labour code to give employees a “right to disconnect,” giving workers the right to request that they not work extra hours (source)
  • Create a Canada Free Trade Tribunal to resolved domestic trade barriers
  • Create a national flood insurance program
  • Launch an Employment Insurance Disaster Assistance Benefit in 2021
  • Expand the Memorial Grant Program for First Responders to include correctional workers
  • Give families of Canadian Armed Forces and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police members a tax-free $2,500 benefit every time they relocate

Conservative Party Platform

  • Review all business subsidy programs to eliminate $1.5 billion in corporate handouts (sourcePBO analysis)
  • Boost the adoption expense tax credit to $20,000 and make it fully refundable (source)

NDP Party Platform

  • Create 300,000 jobs through incentives and investments that flow from the party’s “new deal for climate action.” (See Climate Change and Environment) (source)
  • Create a new, one per cent tax on wealth exceeding $20 million, including “luxury items” like real estate and investment portfolios
  • Put in place a federal minimum wage of $15 an hour (source)
  • Put in place rules to require that part-time and contract workers be compensated equally to full-time workers (source)
  • Restore the Automotive Innovation Fund that supports research and development initiatives of companies in the automotive sector (source)
  • Put a price cap on cellphone and internet services (source)
  • Require employers to spend at least 1 percent of payroll on training for their employees annually (source)
  • Lower fares on B.C. Ferries via an annual federal subsidy of $30 million (source)
  • Create a new Workers Development and Opportunities Fund to expand training options beyond people who qualify for EI (source)
  • Convene an auto summit with provincial, municipal, industry and labour leaders to develop a consensus on a National Automotive Strategy to attract and retain jobs and investment (source)
  • Give Export Development Canada a stronger mandate to recruit and retain investment in automotive plants and export-focused manufacturing here in Canada (source)
  • Require the use of Canadian-made steel and aluminum for infrastructure projects across the country (source)

Green Party Platform

  • Establish a Guaranteed Liveable Income program, which will replace various income support programs, such as disability payments, social assistance and income supplements for seniors (source)
  • Set a $15/ hour federal minimum wage (source)
  • Respect unionized employees of the federal public service and the bargaining process by rejecting back-to-work legislation as a bargaining tool (source)

Jobs & Skills Training

Liberal Party Platform

  • Provide up to 2,000 entrepreneurs a year with as much as $50,000 to launch a new business (source)
  • Give $250 to every new business looking to expand online services (source)
  • Eliminate all fees from the Business Development Bank of Canada (BDC), Export Development Canada (EDC), and Farm Credit Canada, for business advisory services like mentorship and training (source)
  • Cut the cost of federal incorporation by 75 per cent, from $200 down to $50 (source)
  • Eliminate the “swipe fee” on HST and GST for credit transactions (source)
  • Invest $100 million in skills training, to ensure there are enough qualified workers to keep up with energy audits, retrofits, and net-zero home construction (source)
  • Introduce a Career Insurance Benefit that would kick in after Employment Insurance ends, giving an additional 20 per cent of insured earnings in the first year following a layoff, and 10 per cent in the second year (source)
  • Extending EI sickness benefits from 15 weeks to 26 weeks (source)
  • Create a new federal Family Day holiday (source)
  • Creating a Canadian Apprenticeship Service, providing providing up to $10,000 per apprentice, over four years, for every new position created
  • Implement a $40 million/year national workplace accessibility fund, with a focus on making small and medium-sized businesses more accessible

Conservative Party Platform

No specific proposals announced.

NDP Party Platform

  • Overhaul employment insurance (EI), setting the qualification threshold at 360 hours to cover more workers, while creating a new worker’s development and opportunities fund to expand training options beyond those who qualify for EI (source)
  • Ban unpaid internships outside of educational programs (source)

Green Party Platform

  • Establish a Canadian Sustainable Generations Fund for investments in trades, apprenticeships and education required to transition to a green economy (source)
  • Ban unpaid internships in private sector workplaces, with the exception of work-study or experiential learning placements as part of for-credit courses at post-secondary institutions (source)
  • Create a Community and Environment Service Corps as part of the federal Youth Employment and Skills Strategy (source)

Housing

Liberal Party Platform

  • Expand the First-time Home Buyer Incentive for people in Victoria, Vancouver and Toronto. The value of a qualifying home will go from 500,000 to nearly 800,000 (source)
  • Add a one per cent annual tax on residential properties owned by those who are not Canadians and who do not live in Canada (source)
  • Help homeowners and landlords pay for retrofits by giving them an interest-free loan of up to $40,000 (source)
  • Help people buy newly built homes that are certified zero-emissions by giving them a Net Zero Homes Grant of up to $5,000 (source)
  • Create a low-cost national flood insurance program (source)
  • Make Energy Star certification mandatory for all new home appliances, as of 2022 (source)
  • Give interested homeowners and landlords a free energy audit (source)
  • Retrofit 1.5 million homes, over the next five years(source)

Conservative Party Platform

  • Increase amortization periods on insured mortgages to 30 years for first-time homebuyers (source)
  • Launch inquiry into money laundering in real estate (source)
  • Remove stress test for mortgage renewals (source)

NDP Party Platform

  • Create 500,000 units of quality, affordable housing in the next 10 years (source)
  • Double the Home Buyer’s tax credit to $1,500 for first time buyers (source)
  • Remove GST/HST on the construction of new rental units (source)
  • Re-introduce 30-year terms to Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) insured mortgages for first time home buyers (source)
  • Add $5 billion to spending on affordable housing in first 18 months in office (source)
  • Set up “fast-start” funds available to communities to kick-start construction of co-ops, social and non-profit housing; amount not specified (source)
  • Invest $40 million over four years in the Shelter Enhancement Program

Green Party Platform

  • Legislate that housing is a legally protected fundamental human right for all Canadians and permanent residents (source)
  • Increase the National Housing Co-investment Fund by $750 million for new builds, and the Canada Housing Benefit by $750 million for rent assistance for 125,000 households (source)
  • Get rid of the first-time home buyer grant (source)
  • Restore tax incentives for building purpose-built rental housing (source)
  • Remove “deemed” GST when a developer with empty condo units puts them on the rental market (source)
  • Change the legislation that stops Indigenous organizations from accessing financing through CMHC (source)

Climate change & Environment

Liberal Party Platform

  • Commit to net-zero emissions by 2050, with legally-binding five-year milestones (source)
  • Ban “harmful” single-use plastics by as early as 2021 (source)
  • Require federal buildings to be powered completely by clean electricity by 2022 (source)
  • Conserve and protect 25 per cent of Canada’s land and 25 per cent of Canada’s oceans by 2025, working towards 30 per cent in each by 2030 (source)
  • Create a national Experience Canada program, helping 75,000 lower-income families spend up to four days in one of Canada’s National or Provincial Parks every year—including camping accommodations and a travel bursary of up to $2,000 (source)
  • Provide a 10 per cent rebate on the purchase of used zero-emission cars, up to $2,000 (source)
  • Plant two billion trees over 10 years
  • Complete all flood maps in Canada and develop an action plan to assist home owner relocation for those at highest risk or repeat flooding
  • Increase investment to the Disaster Mitigation and Adaptation Fund by $1 billion investment over the next decade
  • Invest any profit from the sale of the Trans Mountain Expansion Project into clean energy projects and climate solutions
  • Install up to 5,000 charging stations for vehicles
  • Require federal investments in public transit support zero-emission buses and rail systems, starting in 2023
  • Transition B.C.’s open net pen salmon farming in coastal waters to closed containment systems by 2025

Conservative Party Platform

  • Set emissions standards for major emitters that produce more than 40 kilotonnes per year of greenhouse gases, requiring them to invest in private-sector research and development of green technology (source)
  • Establish a green patent credit that will reduce the tax rate to five per cent on income that is generated from green technology developed and patented in Canada (source)
  • Expand Export Development Canada programs to issue more green bonds that provide financing for the development of emissions-reducing technologies (source)
  • Create a two-year green homes tax credit for homeowners to help pay for energy-saving renovations (source)
  • Re-establish an advisory panel that gave hunting, angling and conservation groups input on policies and programs on conservation. (source)
  • Negotiate regulatory changes that would increase the energy efficiency of cross-border trucking while encouraging research and development in eco-friendly modes of transportation. (source)
  • End to the practice of dumping raw sewage in waterways (source)

NDP Party Platform

  • Reduce Canada’s greenhouse gas emissions to 450 megatonnes by 2030, a 37 per cent reduction from 2017 levels (source)
  • Set a target to retrofit all housing stock in Canada by 2050, by providing low-interest loans repayable through energy savings to pay for home upgrades like insulation, windows, heat pumps, and other renewable technologies (source)
  • Modernize and expand public transit in communities across Canada and ensure that federal transit funding flows with an emphasis on low-carbon transit projects (source)
  • Set a target to power Canada with net carbon-free electricity by 2030 and move to 100 per cent non-emitting electricity by 2050 (source)
  • Ban single-use plastics by 2022 as part of broader waste reduction strategy (source)
  • Eliminate fossil fuel subsidies immediately (source)
  • Create a permanent, direct, allocation-based funding mechanism to modernize and expand public transit in communities across Canada (source)
  • Provide low-cost financing to local governments in support of the electrification of transit and other municipal fleets by 2030 (source)
  • Establish a new Canadian Climate Bank, which will be capitalized with $3 billion by the federal government and mandated to spur investment in the low carbon economy, accelerate the adoption of clean technology, create good jobs, and support local economic development (source)
  • Create an independent Climate Accountability Office to do regular audits of progress towards our climate goals (source)
  • Move the vehicle fleets of the federal government to electric by 2025 (source)
  • Help homeowners cover the cost of installing a plug-in charger (source)
  • Expand charging networks for ZEVs across the country (source)
  • Make 100 per cent of all new automotive sales zero-emission vehicles by 2040 (source)
  • Infrastructure projects which could have an environmental impact in Quebec must be subject to Quebec’s environmental assessment procedures (source)
  • Protect at least 30 per cent of our land, freshwater, and oceans by 2030 (source)

Green Party Platform

  • Double Canada’s emissions reduction target to 60 per cent by 2030 (source)
  • Halt all new fossil fuel development projects (source)
  • Have 100 per cent of Canada’s electricity come from renewable sources by 2030 (source)
  • Increase Parks Canada funding, amount unspecified (source)
  • Protect at least 30 per cent of freshwaters, oceans and land by 2030 (source)
  • Expand marine protected areas from 10 to 30 per cent of Canada’s territorial waters by 2030 (source)
  • Phase out Canada’s exporting of solid waste to other countries (source)
  • Plant 10 billion trees over 30 years (source)
  • By January 2022, ban the production, distribution and sale of all unnecessary single-use plastics (eg. produce bags, balloons, straws, plates, cups, lids, cutlery, cotton buds, drink stirrers, cigarette filters, plastic water bottles that hold less than four litres) and non-essential packaging (eg. packing straps, styrofoam packaging) (source)
  • Expand ban on microbeads to household and industrial cleaning products (source)
  • Restore the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (source)
  • Commit $100 million annually over the next four years to create Indigenous-led protected and conserved areas (source)
  • Regulate microfibres as a toxic substance under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act (source)
  • Expand the National Pesticides Monitoring and Surveillance Network (source)
  • Finance building retrofits and installation of renewable energy technologies via grants, zero-interest loans and repayment programs based on energy/cost savings (source)
  • Ban the sale of internal combustion engine passenger vehicles by 2030 (source)
  • By 2021, require all new washing machines sold in Canada have a removable, cleanable filter to capture micro-fibres (source)
  • Invoke federal powers for peace, order and good government to develop non-commercial aspects of forest management, such as massive tree planting and creating fire breaks (source)
  • Buy water bombers for forest fire preparedness (source)
  • Ban all forestry and cosmetic uses of glyphosate-based herbicides (source)
  • Implement the 20 recommendations from Parliament’s “West Coast Fisheries: Sharing Risks and Benefits” report (source)
  • Shift all open-net pen finfish aquaculture facilities into closed containment systems on land by 2025 (source)

Hope this helps make things easier for you